• The Article 315 mentions that there shall be a Public Service Commission for the Union and Public Service Commission for each State.
  • The UPSC is a constitutional body, which conducts examinations for All India Services and other Central Services.


  • The UPSC consists of a Chairman and some other members.


  • The Chairman and other members of UPSC are appointed by the President.


  • The strength of UPSC is decided by the President. In general, the UPSC consists of 9 to 11 members including the Chairman.


  • The qualifications for UPSC are not prescribed by the Constitution. But, atleast half of the members in UPSC should have held office for atleast 10 years either under the Government of India or Government of a State.


  • The conditions of services are decided by the President from time to time and should not be varied to their disadvantages.


  • The Chairman or other members hold office for a term of 6 years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
  • After completion of the term, the Chairman or other members are not eligible for reappointment in the same position.


  • The Chairman or members submit the resignation to the President of India.


  • The UPSC submits the annual report to the President and the President places it before the Parliament for discussion.


  • The recommendations of UPSC are not binding but advisory in nature.


  • The President can remove the Chairman or other members of UPSC, if:
    1. The Chairman or member is adjusted as an insolvent, or
    1. Engages during the term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of office, or
    1. In the opinion of the President is not fit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body, or
    1. Guilty of misbehaviour. In this case, the President has to refer the matter to the Supreme Court for an enquiry. The president can remove the Chairman or member on the advice that is tendered by the Supreme Court. This advice is binding on the President. During the course of enquiry, the President can suspend the Chairman or the member.


  • The Chairman of UPSC after retirement is not eligible for further employment under the government of India or Government of a State.
  • A member of UPSC after retirement is eligible for appointment as the Chairman of UPSC.
  • A member of UPSC after retirement is eligible for appointment as the Chairman of a Joint Public Service Commission or State Public Service Commission (provided that, he has not attained the age of 62 years).


  • The UPSC conducts the examinations for appointment to the All–India Services, Central Services and Public Services of the centrally administered territories.
  • The UPSC assists the states of requested by two or more states in framing and operating schemes of joint recruitment for any services for which candidates possessing special qualification are required.
  • The UPSC serves all the needs of a state on the request of the state Governor and with the approval of the President.
  • The UPSC is consulted on various matters related to:
    1. The methods of recruitment of Civil Services and for civil posts.
    1. The principles to be followed in making appointments to civil services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to the other.

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